1. We use the past simple to refer to events that took place in the past.
- A pharmacist called John Pemberton invented Coca-cola.
- ‘Did you go to Berlin last week?’
‘Yes, and I met Herr Gnuchtel.’
2. We frequently use a time adverb to situate the event in finished past time.
- Rolls Royce went bust in 1973.
- A few years ago, the City Plaza Hotel was a leader in its segment of the market.
- Many people lost a lot of money on the stock market during 2008 and 2009.
3. We use the pas simple in annual reports to describe the company’s performance over the last year.
- Last year was a good year for our group. Sales rose by more than 11%, and we made substantial gains in market share in a number of countries.
1. We use the present perfect to say that a finished pas action is relevant now.
- The have developed a new brand of toothpaste.
- The chairman has recently resigned.
2. We use the present perfect when we are thinking of a period of time contunuing up to the present.
- For over 50 years, Stirling Cars has developed classic sports cars.
- Calvin Klein has been one of the leading fashion designers since the mid-1970s.
3. We often use this tense to talk about our life experiences.
- She has had a number of interesting jobs.
- He’s worked for a variety of firms.