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English Conversation - Penggunaan Verb + ing

Dalam percakapan Bahasa Inggris, kata kerja + ing sering digunakan di awal pembicaraan yang mempunyai arti tertentu.
Dalam Bahasa Indonesia, jika (V + ing) diletakkan di depan kalimat, mempunyai arti : jika/kalau, dengan, disebabkan, waktu/ketika.
 
A. Waktu
Contoh :
Seeing you the first time, I thought you were Singaporean, after talking a few minutes, I found that you are Philipino.
  (Waktu pertama kali melihat kamu, saya pikir kamu orang Singapura, setelah berbicara beberapa menit, ternyata kamu adalah orang Filipina).
B. Jika / Kalau
Contoh :
Talking about food, I prefer to eat Chinese food, especially curl noddle.
   (Jika bicara tentang makanan, saya lebih suka makanan Cina, terutama mi).
C. Disebabkan / Karena
Contoh :
Knowing her come / coming to the wedding party, I decided not to attend.
   (Karena mengetahui dia datang ke pesta perkawinan, saya memutuskan tidak hadir / tidak jadi pergi).
D. Dengan
Contoh :
Hearing the news you're gonna get married, she got shocked and very disappointed.
  (Dengan mendengar kabar kamu akan menikah, dia menjadi terkejut dan sangat kecewa).
Attending the seminar last week, I got conclusion that those products are just for the affluent.
  (Dengan menghadiri seminar minggu lalu, saya mendapat kesimpulan bahwa barang-barang itu hanya untuk orang-orang mampu).
Watching your presentation, I feel rather confident to try that.
  (Dengan melihat langsung presentasi kamu, saya merasa yakin untuk mencobanya).
Tidak perlu menambahkan kata-kata if, because, by. Karena dalam bentuk V + ing sudah termasuk arti if, by, dan because.
Contoh kalimat lainnya :
1. Talking to you is very happy.
    Bicara dengan kamu sangat menyenangkan.
2. Eating here is very nice.
    Makan disini enak sekali.
3. Sitting beside her is very restfull.
    Duduk di samping dia sangat nyaman.
4. Living nearby the sea is very hot at night.
    Tinggal di pinggir laut pada malam hari sangat panas.
5. Going around with you is very safe.
   Jalan-jalan sama kamu sangat aman.
6. Driving this car is very comfortable.
    Nyetir mobil ini enak sekali.
7. Getting married with different tribe takes time to adapt.
    Menikah dengan suku yang berbeda, membutuhkan waktu untuk menyesuaikan diri.
Bentuk kata kerja + ing juga sering digunakan untuk penegasan kalimat dalam arti yang sangat sensitif , mengungkapkan perasaan yang tidak puas, kritik, penegasan maksud, pengaduan, yang spesifik, dan lain-lain.
Contoh :
1. That man is nothing to do, everyday coming here and asking for some money.
   (Laki-laki iti tidak ada kerjaan, datang kesini setiap hari hanya minta duit).
2. I'm not interested in talking to him, every time he speaks, always talking about himself.
   (Saya tidak tertarik berbicara dengannya, setiap saat dia selalu berbicara tentang dirinya sendiri).
3. I got news from my friend Kelly, saying that Robert staying in USA and working for oil company.
   (Saya mendapat kabar dari teman saya Kelly, mengatakan bahwa Robert tinggal di USA dan bekerja di perusahaan minyak).
4. Don't keep in touch with him again, he's been a crook now. Making friend with him, you're gonna be involved in crime.
   (Jangan berhubungan lagi dengannya, dia sudah menjadi bandit. Berteman dengannya kamu akan terlibat kriminal/ikut jahat).
5. Be careful with the boss, when the selling going down, he is always grumbling.
   (Hati-hati dengan bos, jika penjualan turun dia selalu ngomel-ngomel).
6. Your documents are under proessing, will be completed in a few weeks.
   (Berkas-berkas kamu sedang dalam proses, akan selesai dalam beberapa minggu ini).
7. You have to come over her and telling her not playing around. That is a serious problem.
   (Kamu harus menghadapi dia dan katakan padanya tidak mau main-main. Itu masalahnya serius.)
8. Everytime people change their mind, so paying attention to whatever he/she is saying makes us be alert.
   (Setiap saat orang berubah pikiran, jadi perhatikanlah apa saja yang dia katakan, wapadalah.)
9. A : Why don't you visit her again?
         (Kenapa kamu tidak mengunjunginya lagi?)
   B : Well, I don't like, and I quit, everytime coming there, she is always nagging and getting me mad.
        (Saya tidak suka dan kapok. Setiap saat datang kesana ia selalu merengek-rengek dan bikin saya kesal.)
10. The salesmen in that store are very bad service eventhough the products are better quality, everytime customers buying, always complaining about their attitude.
   (Penjual di toko itu layanannya tidak ramah walaupun kualitas barang-barang bagus, setiap saat pelanggan membeli, selalu mengeluh tentang sikapnya.)
11. The neighbor never cares about surrounding, day and night singing loudly and making a noise, just like making party all the time.
   (Tetangga itu tidak peduli terhadap sekeliling, siang dan malam bernyanyi keras-keras dan bikin ribut, sepertinya berpesta saja setiap saat.)
12. It is not safe for women going to the party alone and getting home late.
   (Tidak aman bagi wanita pergi sendiri ke pesta dan pulang malam.)
13. The time changes now, a woman getting more active than man, or a woman visiting a man.
   (Waktu sudah berubah sekarang, wanita lebih aktif daripada pria, atau wanita berkunjung ke tempat pria.)
Sebagai bahan latihan, cobalah soal-soal berikut ini dengan mengisi bentuk V + ing.
1. You must practice your English with American expatriates to improve your pronunciation.
(Practice) ...... to improve your pronunciation.
2. You must be a selfmade to live in the United States.
(Live) ...... must be a selfmade.
3. He must have a target if he achieves his selling power.
(Achieve) ...... must have a target.
4. When you talk to Mr. Andre Charbel, the explanation must be clear and simple.
(Talk) ...... the explanation must be clear and simple.
5. We can enrich our vocabularies when we read English newspaper a lot.
(Read) ...... can enrich our vocabularies.
6. You are a tough guy, so you can collect the debt.
(Be) ...... can collect the debt.
7. If she makes her customers fully satisfied, they will inform the others coming to her shop.
(Make) ...... will inform the others coming to her shop.
8. She must be very patient to take care of the kid.
(Take care of) ...... must be very patient.
9. If we control our blood pressure at least once month, it can avoid the stroke.
(Control) ...... can avoid the stroke.
10. It's dangerous to travel alone for woman at night.
(Travel) .....  is very dangerous.
That's why she needs a company.

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