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Perbedaan serta penggunaan have dan has

Have dan Has, sebagai kata kerja mempunyai arti yang sama, yaitu "mempunyai". Ini penjelasan singkat pemakaian "have" dan "has" dalam Simple Present Tense
HAVE

I have.....       (Saya punya......)

you have....    (Kamu punya....)
We have....
They have.....
Toni and Tono have....
The boys have....
The cats have...

contoh kalimat:


I have a book. (Saya punya sebuah buku.)

You have 3 apples. (Kamu punya tiga apel.)
They have a big house. (Mereka mempunyai rumah yang besar.)
Toni and Tono have new pens. (Toni dan Tono punya pena baru.)
The boys have some books. (Anak-anak laki-laki itu punya beberapa buku.)
The cats have a big house. (Kucing-kucing itu mempunyai sebuah rumah yang besar.)

untuk membuat kalimat negatif yang menyatakan "tidak mempunyai" kita memerlukan "do not".


I do not have a book. (Saya tidak mempunyai sebuah buku.)

You do not have 3 apples.
They do not have a big house.
Toni and Tono do not have new pens.
The boys do not have some books.
The cats do not have a big house.

Kalimat tanya


Do you have a book? Yes, I do/ No, I don't

Do they have a big house? Yes, They do/ No, they don't
Do Toni and Tono have new pens? Yes, They do/ No, they don't.
Do the boys have some books? Yes, they do/ No, they don't.
Do the cats have a big house? Yes, they do/ No, They don't.

What do you have? (Apa yang kamu punya?)

I have a book. (Saya punya sebuah buku.)

What food do they have for dinner? (Makanan apa yang mereka punya untuk makan malam?)

They have fruits and pizza. (Mereka punya buah-buahan dan pizza.)

What book do Toni and Tono have?

They have biology books.

HAS


She has...

He has...
It has...
Shinta has...
Robi has...
The cat has...

"has" hanya digunakan untuk subject-subject seperti di atas, jadi kita tidak boleh mengatakan;


I has...

You has...

They has...

We has...

Toni and Tono has...


Contoh pemakaian "Has" dalam kalimat positif.


She has a book.

He has 2 cars.
It has a fish.
Toni has a new computer.
Tina has  beautiful hair.
The cat has a fish.

Untuk merubah kalimat diatas menjadi negatif, kita memerluka "does not/ doesn't" kemudian "has" harus dirubah menjadi "have". Dengan kata lain "has" hanya dipakai dalam kalimat positif saja, dan akan berubah menjadi "have" jika dalam kalimat negatif dan kalimat introgatif.


She has a book.                     She doesn't have a book.

He has 2 cars                         He doesn't have 2 cars.
Toni has a new computer.       Toni doesn't have a new computer.

Does she have a book? Yes, she does/ No, she, doesn't

Does Toni have a new computer? Yes, he does / No, He doesn't
Does the cat have a fish? Yes, it does/ No, it doesn't

What does she have? She has a book.

What food does the cat have? It has a fish.
What fruits does Tina have? She has some apples.

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